View Full Version : Tidbits on First Aids

Jul 1, 2007, 07:43 AM
Later on, I'll post an article on how to give CPR. Other medics and villagers with other first aid tips especially for children should kindly post up here.

Thisday Online (http://www.thisdayonline.com/nview.php?id=82347)

THINK First-aid The real deal!

By Eudora Ndubisi, 06.30.2007

After a long day of being cooped up in a stuffy office with an uptight, irrational, neurotic boss and having to listen to the rambling of your colleagues and clients, you decided to go cool off at a joint after work. As you and some friends got seated to a plate of peppered suya and as you took a bite, you noticed your friend struggling for breath and he passed out'. ‘What would you do?'
Most of the time, we fail to think about crises until faced with one. We just hate to think about accidents and so lack the necessary skill(s) required to handle one if and when it does occur. For this reason, so many souls have been lost. We have people with permanent disabilities, some, having to bear undue aches and pains.
This column is a clarion-call, a wake-up call, for you to join millions all over the world to learn the skills that may one day save your life or that of your loved one(s). Or even that of a total stranger who happens to need your help. The instant help you give can literally mean the difference between life and death.
What are we talking about?
FIRSTAID – THE REAL THING.First aid is the care given to a casualty before professional help arrives and is summed up in the three P's (3Ps): preserving life, preventing the worsening of any injuries and promoting quick and easy recovery.
How would these skills be taught? By appropriate information. Medical emergencies do not take place everyday. Nevertheless, when they do, information can help you deal with them to the best of your ability.
The concept of First Aid was started in 1099 by the Knights of St. John. These were trained doctors administering to the immediate needs of wounded soldiers on battle fields before they were taken to the military base for proper medical attention.
In 1872, the need to train non-medical personnel (civilians) arose.
The term, First Aid was also used in 1878 and in 1894, the word First Aider became the in-word. World War One saw the explosion of civilian involvement in care-giving to wounded soldiers.
In some commonwealth countries including the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia First Aid became a subject taught in schools.
In the late 1960s, First Aid administration took a turn from focusing on aiders with knowledge of anatomy and physiology, to practical skilled aiders who facilitate the public and schoolchildren to learn the act of care-giving easily and effectively.
Sadly, we in Nigeria are yet to catch up with the rest of the world. We have been left so far behind that everyday we see the passing away of would-be presidents, leaders of industry, governors, intellectuals and many others.
We now intend to rectify this anomaly. Ours is a great nation that should have been setting the pace, instead of trailing behind. The sweetest thing is that there is no lateness in acquiring knowledge.
‘The time to learn is before the need arises' Therefore, the time is now ripe to learn some skills in first aid administration. You need to be better equipped to handle from now on, any emergency you are faced with.
The information you will acquire from this article is not to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, emergency treatment, or formal first-aid training. Do not use the information to diagnose or develop a treatment plan for a health problem or disease without consulting qualified medical personnel (doctor).If you are in a life-threatening or emergency medical situation, seek medical assistance immediately.
"The life you save maybe your own, a loved one, colleague, friend, or a total stranger who would be forever grateful."
First-aid Guide. We will first teach you, how to recognize, and help a casualty;the principles of first aid application; why you should learn first aid care and who needs and who can give first aid care.
With the information we will give, you should be able to recognize and deal with the following:Anaphylaxis –Allergy; Animal bites; Black eye; Blisters; Bruises; Burns; Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR); Chemical splash in the eye and body; Chest pain; Choking; Cuts and scrapes; Dislocation; Electrical burns; Electrical shock; Fainting; Fever; First-aid kits; Food-borne illness; Foreign object in the ear; Foreign object in the eye; Foreign object in the nose; Foreign object in the skin; Foreign object inhaled and Foreign object swallowed.
Later, we shall examine first aid for Fractures (broken bones), Gastroenteritis, Head pain, Head trauma, Heart attack, Heat exhaustion, Heat stroke, Human bites, Hypothermia, Insect bites and stings, Motion sickness, Nosebleeds, Poisoning, Puncture wounds and severe bleeding.
Much later, we shall look at first aid for Shock, Snakebites, Spider bites, Spinal injury, Sprains, Stroke, Sunburn, Tick bite, Tooth loss and Toothache.
We shall provide dietary suggestions intended for each first-aid care we treat.In addition, answers will be given to questions you might ask.
We shall also teach you notice self help, in case no one is around to help you. For instance, how you can resuscitate yourself during a heart-failure experience, when no one is around to help you.
Feedback from you will help us to help you more. Seek better and correct information about whatever you may have heard or learnt before now and still doubt.

Jul 28, 2007, 02:51 AM
Health Tip: Causes of Fainting
July 27, 2007 03:55:49 PM PST

(HealthDay News (http://health.yahoo.com/news/healthday/healthtipcausesoffainting;_ylt=AvQEp8DpoX9ZzCHtoPO EjAqz5xcB))

-- Fainting occurs due to a sudden drop in blood flow to the brain, resulting in brief loss of consciousness. Fainting can be accompanied by dizziness or nausea.

Here are some common triggers, courtesy of the U.S. National Library of Medicine:

Straining during urination or a bowel movement.
Excessive coughing.
Standing for too long in the same position, or quickly standing up from a lying position.
Severe pain, stress, fear or emotional distress.
Excessive bleeding or dehydration.
Medications used to treat conditions like high blood pressure, anxiety, allergies and nasal congestion.
Use of drugs or alcohol.
Low blood sugar.