Part Five: What is to be done? The Caliphate must go! Kick the Caliphate out of Nigeria before Dec 31, 2014, so we can have peace and move forward to true federalism and general prosperity.

The opposition to Caliphate colonialism today

After the Caliphate conquered all of Nigeria in 1970 by winning the Civil War, each nationality in Nigeria saw its interest as climbing, at the expense of the others, to a second class position under the Caliphate masters. This was dubbed “the second fiddle mentality” way back in the 1970s.

But since the early 1990s, when Anthony Enahoro began the campaign for a sovereign National Conference, many have awakened to the reality that the common interest of the non-Caliphate peoples of Nigeria is to jointly liberate themselves from Caliphate Colonialism.

Hence the emergence of self-determination groups like the Oodua People’s Assembly, the Lower Niger Congress (LNC), and the Middle Belt Congress, and their cooperating under the banner of the  Movement for a New Nigeria (MNN).

Map #2: The MNN broken map of Nigeria-the emerging federations

MNN, Nigeria-the emerging federations 4.jpg

Caliphate Colonialism is what all the non-Caliphate nationalities in Nigeria have suffered since 1960; and it is what they need to liberate themselves from, by any means feasible. They have tried for the last two decades to do so by demanding a Sovereign National Conference of the ethnic nationalities (SNC-EN) to peacefully renegotiate the terms of the British-imposed Nigeria union. As that option has been adamantly resisted by the Caliphate colonialists and blocked by those who manage the Nigerian state apparatus for the Caliphate colonialist overlords, the only other option is to dismember Nigeria and dump its debris on the grave of Lord Lugard, and do so by any means necessary. 

The Caliphate’s use-and-dump record

We should recall the Caliphate’s record of using and dumping non-Caliphate leaders and parties: they used Zik and the NCNC to climb into power in 1959, and then kicked him upstairs into a ceremonial post of Governor-General and then of President.  They used Gowon and Awo to win the Civil War and conquer all of Nigeria, and then dumped Gowon and deposed him in 1975, and rigged and judicially maneuvered Awo out of victory in the 1979 election. Also in 1979 they used the NPP to climb back firmly into power and then dumped them in 1981. In 1979, they used MKO Abiola from the Southwest and Alex Ekwueme from the Southeast to help get their NPN elected. Having consolidated their hold on power, they told Abiola in 1982 that the NPN presidential candidacy was not open to him; then they pre-empted rotation of the Presidency by the Buhari coup, effectively blocking Ekwueme from seeking the presidency in1987. 

In a recent Interview in the  Guardian, light was shed on the hidden agenda of the Buhari coup:

Q33)

 Interviewer: You just spoke about [military] interruptions, as one of those  factors inimical to development. Let us look at one of those interruptions, specifically, the one that disrupted your [Shagari/Ekwueme] government on December 31, 1983. The story was that the army actually intervened in government for the more sinister reason of preventing you, an Igbo man, from becoming president after President Shagari’s tenure was over – which, indeed, you sounded poised to become. How true is this story?

Ekwueme : I wouldn’t know, because I wasn’t in the inner caucus that was planning the coup-d’état, to know what informed that decision to strike, in December 1983. But I can really tell you that one of our colleagues, the Minister of Transport, Alhaji Umaru Dikko, when he arrived London, said, during the press conference he gave, that all the talk the military was giving about corruption and all that, was a smokescreen, that the main reason for the coup-d’état, was to prevent me from becoming president in 1987. That they reached the decision, during the first week of December when, at the Ibadan convention of the NPN, [National Party of Nigeria] the president, Shehu Shagari, emphasised that the decision of the party that the presidency would move to the South in 1987, was irreversible, in the interest of Nigerian unity.

They felt that they wouldn’t want that to happen and that it was better to interrupt the process quite early rather than wait till nearer 1987, when it would be obvious what the reasons were. But I say, these were speculations. I don’t know where my friend, Umaru Dikko, got his information. It may be he had contact with the inner circle of the coup planners. I don’t know, but that was what he said.

--“Ekwueme: For Justice, Fairness, Equity, Igbo Should Have Presidency After Jonathan”, ( The Guardian, Sunday, December 9, 2012.)

With these examples of how non-Caliphate leaders and parties have been used and dumped all these years, those of today would be ill-advised to enter into any alliance with the Caliphate or its political parties. In particular,  Bola Tinubu and the ACN should not make the mistake of assisting Buhari and his CPC to come to   power .  However well any nationality thinks it has done under Caliphate colonialism, it stands to do much better after we jointly free ourselves from these arrogant caliphate parasites, that is to say, after the Caliphate’s lion’s share of the national cake is taken from them and redistributed.  All of today’s non-Caliphate leaders and parties should be able to compose their differences and push jointly ahead to accomplish a reconfiguration of Nigeria and put an end, once and for all time, to Caliphate colonialism.

Accordingly, this is no time for the non-Caliphate ethnic groups to be quarreling about who did what to whom during the Civil War, or at any time in the past. They have to become firm common cause allies in a political struggle for their joint liberation. Whatever distrust and suspicion they have learned to feel about one another, they should heed Lenin’s advice on alliances: In  What  is To Be Done? Lenin states: "Only people who are not sure of themselves can fear to enter into temporary alliances even with unreliable people;  not a single political party could exist without such alliances."   (emphasis mine) The non-Caliphate groups would do well, therefore, to suspend acrimonious discussion of their old quarrels and animosities.

Far be it from me to deny them whatever orgasms they get from indulging in their orgy of ethnic animosities. But after they cooperate and jointly liberate themselves from Caliphate colonialism, they can return to that orgy, if they must, and let the inflamed animosities influence their terms of association in a post-Caliphate Nigeria. We should recall that the USA and the USSR suspended their hostilities and joined forces to defeat Hitler. After victory in 1945, they resumed their pre-WWII hostilities in the form of the Cold War. We should learn from that example--now that the Caliphate is being attacked by its own Boko Haram terror agents: an Emir has been bombed in his own mosque in Potiskum; Boko Haram has attacked Sokoto, the capital of the Caliphate; and it has made an assassination attempt on the Emir of Kano .  “ Nigeria: Gunmen Attack Emir of Kano,” By Lawan Danjuma Adamu, 20 January 2013 ,  DAILY TRUST,  http://allafrica.com/stories/201301200032.html   (Accessed January 2013)

 Clearly Boko Haram is doing to the Caliphate and its emirs exactly what Dan Fodio and his Jihadists did to overthrow the Hausa kings two centuries ago to create the Caliphate. And the Caliphate knows it and dreads it, hence it got a Caliphate prince, Col. Sambo Dasuki, (Rtd) appointed NSA, so as to use the Nigerian state to fight its Boko Haram agents who have become its mortal enemies, and to hopefully rein them in and liquidate Boko Haram’s anti-Caliphate minimal agenda, though, I suspect, not its maximal agenda. We need to remember that WWII so weakened the European colonizers that they lost the will and ability to suppress the rising tide of anti-colonialist forces in their empires. Now that the Caliphate is reeling from the blows from its own Boko Haram agents, this is the best time for non-Caliphate Nigerians to go over to the counteroffensive and finish off the Caliphate colonialists. This opportunity must not be lost. Seize the time and liberate yourselves is what I say.  All non-Caliphate  Nigerians UNITE! You have nothing to lose but your feudalist and shari’a chains!

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In May 1967, Awo told the people of Western Nigeria:

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Q34

If the Eastern Region is allowed by acts of omission or commission to secede from or opt out of Nigeria, then the Western Region and Lagos must also stay out of the Federation. . . If any region in Nigeria considers itself strong enough to compel us to enter into association with it on its own terms, I would only wish such a region luck. But such luck, I must warn, will, in the long run be no better than that which has attended the doings of all colonial powers down the ages. . . . This much I must say in addition, on this point. We have neither military might nor the overwhelming advantage of numbers here in Western Nigeria and Lagos. But we have justice of a noble and imperishable cause on our side, namely: the right of a people to unfettered self-determination.

http://africanheraldexpress.com/blog7/2012/10/19/genocide-awolowos-speech-to-western-leaders-of-thought-on-may-1-1967/  

Unfortunately, the configuration of military forces inside Nigeria and of political forces globally in the 1960s prevented Awolowo from achieving self-determination for his people at that time. The military weakness of Western Nigeria and the strong pro-Caliphate disposition of Britain prevented Western Nigerians from actualizing their right of self-determination in 1967.

But the configuration of military and political forces has profoundly changed since that time. Today, in 2013, the Boko Haram terrorism in Nigeria, and the Global Jihad of which it is an arm, have taken their toll on the pro-Caliphate disposition of Britain and the Western powers.

Furthermore, the Caliphate is politically weakened and is already reeling from violent blows inflicted on it by its own Boko Haram agents.

So, a unique opportunity presents itself today for the anti-Caliphate forces to collectively liberate ourselves from Caliphate colonialism. What was desired but impossible in 1967 is possible now in 2013. This is a rare window of opportunity; it would be criminal folly to squander it and suicidal to let it close unused.

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It is said that “Those in power never give way, and admit defeat only to plot and scheme to regain their lost power and privilege.”  [C. L. R. James,  The Black Jacobins, New York: Vintage Books, 1989, pp. 127-128]  The Caliphate colonialists are no exception to this behavior. If you doubt that, and if you imagine that the Caliphate has lost its appetite for conquest and permanent domination over all of the other Nigerian peoples; and that it can be converted to democracy, then consider this August 2012 boast by a scion of the Caliphate, Usman Faruk, who was the military governor of North-West State during the Yakubu Gowon regime: “ North replies Asari: We subdued Yorubas & conquered the Ijaws; We will do it again ”, http://africanheraldexpress.com/blog7/2012/08/14/north-replies-asari-we-subdued-yorubas-we-will-do-it-again/#comment-311818  (Accessed October 2012)

 I therefore submit: The first step towards terminating this Caliphate arrogance and will-to-domination is to get rid of our self-enslaving addiction to Lugard’s Nigeria. Please be reminded that there is nothing sacred about this “One Nigeria” that Lugard cobbled together. Lugard is not God! And what was made by Lugard, a human being like us, we can unmake for our own benefit. So, let’s kick out the Caliphate, and exercise our right of self-determination. And the time is NOW!

But how should we proceed with this liberation?

A Three-point liberation agenda

Here is a simple three-point agenda for the self-liberation of non-Caliphate Nigerians:

  1. Excise Shariyaland from Nigeria, by any means necessary.
  2. Finish the job by 31 December, 2014, before the bloodbath Buhari has threatened for 2015. Forewarned is forearmed. Only a tree will see a woodcutter approaching with an axe and do nothing to stop him or to escape from him.
  3. Freely and democratically reconfigure what is left of Nigeria after that.

Who should implement this agenda?

Are you an indigene of a non-Shariya state? Or a non-Muslim indigene of a Shariya state?

Can you voluntarily continue to cohabit Nigeria with these Caliphate colonialists

  1. Who do not believe in free and fair elections?
  2. Who see you as their slave?
  3. Who insist you must convert to their religion?
  4. Who insist that nobody from your part of the country can ever become president except as their stooge?  And who will gladly kill you (like they did MKO Abiola), or bomb your people (like they are doing to President Jonathan’s Christian southerners) if you, an ‘autonomous southerner’, do manage and become president?
  5. Who are determined to exterminate you and your entire ethnic group if you refuse to submit to be enslaved and exploited by them?  By the way, even Apartheid South Africa didn’t propose to exterminate 1/7 th or 14% of its population in order for the white settlers to continue exploiting the resources of South Africa.  This makes  the  Caliphate worse colonialists than even the whites of Apartheid South Africa!

If your humanity, your self-respect, permits you to submit to  the humiliation of the Caliphate caste system,  then you should work for the retention of the Caliphate’s Shariyaland within Nigeria, and make yourself and your descendants eternal slaves of the Caliphate.

But if being enslaved is unacceptable to your humanity and self-respect, then your human duty is to work tirelessly for your liberation from Caliphate colonialism by implementing the three-point agenda.

So, if you are an indigene of a non-Shariya state, or a non-Muslim indigene of a Shariya state, and  if your self-respect does not allow you to submit to enslavement by the Caliphate, then you are the one to implement the three-point liberation agenda.

Of course, those habitual slaves of the Caliphate, the Uncle Toms who do not want to part from their masters, are welcome to vote with their feet and move to Caliphate territory when their masters are kicked out. Life-long “willing tools” of the Caliphate like Yakubu Gowon, Theophilus Danjuma, Jeremiah Useni, Paul Unongo, Iyorcha Ayu and their ilk should take note and resettle themselves in Shariyaland so as to enjoy the Calphate misrule to which they seem addicted. That is if the Caliphate will harbor them after the demise of the Caliphate’s project of ruling all of Nigeria

How might you implement it, and do it peacefully?

The first thing is to recognize that the 12 states in Shariyaland have already seceded constitutionally, and therefore  de jure, from Nigeria. They did so in 2000 AD when they adopted Shari’a as their constitution. It is typical of the lack of clarity that has hampered the anti-Caliphate resistance since the 1950s, that they have not noticed that the Caliphate has already constitutionally seceded from Nigeria since 2000. What Nzeogwu  might have done in January 1966 had he succeeded in taking power in Lagos; and what Orkar proclaimed in 1990 before his coup was crushed, was inadvertently done for them by the Caliphate itself, namely the constitutional separation (Araba) of the Caliphate from Nigeria.  All that is left is for the rest of Nigeria to acknowledge, endorse and make official their secession. And then seal the new border. There’s nothing to fight about.  . Non-Caliphate Nigeria simply needs to acknowledge the 2000 AD  de jure secession of Caliphate Shariyaland (Please eat your shariya and don’t come down here looking for oil money or access to the sea coast!) and formally accept the demise of Lugard’s Nigeria. Things will get violent only if the Caliphate resists this peaceful separation/divorce by extending its Boko Haram terror attacks into non-Caliphate territory. But just in case, in desperation, it chooses that bloody option, President Jonathan should mobilize for war so as to deter a Caliphate armed resistance to this official expulsion.

Secondly, please recall and follow Fela’s suggestion from the civil war days when he said: 

Q35)

"secession  is what could have brought Africa together at that time.   From secession we could come together again. But by not seceding, we're put together by force . . .  That's what's happening in Nigeria today. The Ibos don't understand why they're Nigeria. The Yorubas don't know what's happening. And the  Hausas, they want to domi­nate everybody."

--Fela (Quoted in Iyorcha D. Ayu,  Essays in Popular Struggle, Oguta: Zim Pan-African Publishers, 1986, p. 41.)

Fela, index

Fela

Thirdly, after clearing the Caliphate and its Shariyaland from the constitutional and physical space of Nigeria, those Non-Caliphate ethnic nationalities which desire a secular-democratic life together should come together and work out the terms of their new association and formally and officially constitute it. The 1995 Federal Constitution of Ethiopia is available as a model of ethnic federalism. [See  Q35 below]

From these observations, the three-point agenda presented above translates into the following  implementation program: 

1] The rump of Nigeria (the 24 non-Shari’a states plus Abuja) should meet and affirm their acceptance of the 2000 AD  de jure secession of the 12 Shari’a states;

2] They should then formally declare the demise of the present entity called Nigeria;

3] This should be accomplished before December 31, 2014.

4] Soon thereafter, those non-Caliphate Ethnic Nationalities which so desire should meet and freely work out their new terms of association, using the PRONACO draft constitution as a possible starting point. 

Who will bell the cat?

Who will kick off this peaceful program of constitutional liberation from this long and bloody nightmare of Caliphate colonialism?

The opportunity (the right of first refusal) naturally should go to President Jonathan as the sitting President. He occupies the position from which the first step can be most easily and peacefully taken. If he wishes to exercise his right to run for a second term in 2015, and to do so without igniting the promised Buhari bloodbath, then he should see to it that the Caliphate is kicked out of Nigeria before December 31, 2014.

Goodluck Jonathan

President Goodluck Jonathan

But if he declines the offer, if he fails to begin the implementation, if by December 31, 2013 he does not recognize and legalize Shariyaland’s  de jure secession of 2000 AD, then the privilege/opportunity to start the process should pass to any group of state governors, like those of Oodualand, who desire autonomy for their zone or ethnic nationality. They should revive Awo’s self-determination option by convening the SNC-EN to formally dissolve this disastrous Nigerian union. In my estimation, Oodualand is today the best-organized and most advanced of the three emerging federations of the MNN. Hence they should naturally take the lead if President Jonathan does not. They deserve the honor of leading the others.

But whoever bells the cat, whoever kicks off the process of liberation, it is in the self-interest of all the non-Caliphate politicians and citizens to give them  militant support so that the dissolution of Lugard’s Nigeria is accomplished before December 31, 2014. [ie. in the 12 months between December 2013 and Dec 2014].

But kicking the Caliphate out of Nigeria requires a conscious political struggle, a well organized and well-led struggle. And the secular-democracy forces need first to realize that fact, and secondly to organize themselves appropriately and have their political commanders come up with a strategy and campaign plan and execute it with diligence, as with any war or liberation struggle. It is not enough to issue occasional press releases demanding the SNC. There must be a strategy for obliging Abuja to concede it --like it took a planned and well executed campaign for the ANC to get the government of Apartheid South Africa to negotiate its own demise.

However, kicking out the Caliphate is different from the South African case in some key aspects: it does not require that the Caliphate should embrace secular democracy. It has to be kicked out entirely so that space is created to organize secular democracy in what remains of Nigeria. The main point is that the Caliphate must go! The Caliphate must be kicked out of Nigeria before December 31, 2014!  In fact, if they declare that they have finally given up Shari’a and now accept secular democracy, don’t you believe them. Don’t be fooled. Can a leopard change his spots?  Can a cat stop mousing? (That was a 19 th century Caliphate slave raider’s retort when he was asked to stop raiding the Middle Belt communities for slaves). The Caliphate must go! Don’t compromise, don’t reform, don’t forgive or forget their record of pogroms, mass murder and genocide. Don’t forget their entrenchment of lootocracy in Nigeria.  The Caliphate must go!  Don’t delay, Nigeria can go forward only after it has excised the Caliphate. There is no other way.  The Caliphate must go!

The long-suffering victims of Caliphate Colonialism must now go on the counter-offensive and drive the Caliphate out of Nigeria. We must then seal the border between the Caliphate Shariyaland and the new Secular-democratic Nigeria. If need be we should erect an Iron Curtain or build a Great Wall to keep these jihadist barbarians out of our new Nigeria.

 The demand for the SNC is neither a strategy nor a campaign plan. The task now is to get the secular-democracy forces to see that point, and to get them to realize how and why they have been unable, in half a century, to fight properly and defeat the Caliphate.

And also to get them to take the initiative in reshaping Nigeria.  Since 1960, the Caliphate forces have held the initiative in Nigerian politics. The non-Caliphate forces cannot hope to win until they gain and keep the initiative. In a political struggle, as in war, gaining and keeping the initiative is crucial. So, they must change their game from one of reacting to Caliphate moves, to that of making the moves that will send the Caliphate reeling out of Nigeria. The Secular-democracy forces have to move from their habitual disorganized defensive resistance, and embark on a determined, well-organized counter-offensive. For that,  they must give up their self-destructive addiction to the idea of Lugard’s one Nigeria.

Below is the preamble of the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia that could be a model for the constitution of a Nigeria that has rid itself of the Caliphate colonialists.

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Appendix

Q36) The 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia

Its preamble states:

“We, the Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of Ethiopia:

Strongly committed, in full and free exercise of our right to self-determination, to building a political community founded on the rule of law and capable of ensuring a lasting peace, guaranteeing a democratic order, and advancing our economic and social development;

Firmly convinced that the fulfillment of this objective requires full respect of individual and people’s fundamental freedoms and rights, to live together on the basis of equality and without any sexual, religious or cultural discrimination;

Further convinced that by continuing to live with our rich and proud cultural legacies in territories we have long inhabited, have, through continuous interaction on various levels and forms of life, built up common interest and have also contributed to the emergence of a common outlook;

Fully cognizant that our common destiny can best be served by rectifying historically unjust relationships and by further promoting our shared interests;

Convinced that to live as one economic community is necessary in order to create sustainable and mutually supportive conditions for ensuring respect for our rights and freedoms and for the collective promotion of our interests;

Determined to consolidate, as a lasting legacy, the peace and the prospect of a democratic order which our struggles and sacrifices have brought about;

Have therefore adopted, on 8 December 1994 this constitution through representatives we have duly elected for this purpose as an instrument that binds us in a mutual commitment to fulfill the objectives and the principles set forth above.”

L

It further provides for a federal government of nine ethnic-based regions and guarantees that all Ethiopian languages will enjoy equal state recognition, although Amharic is specified as the working language of the federal government.

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About the Author

Chinweizu is a historian and Neo-Garvey Pan-Africanist. His books include  The West and the Rest of Us, (1975); and  Decolonising the African Mind (1987).

All rights reserved.

© Chinweizu 2013


[1]   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kano_riot_of_1953     (Accessed Jan, 2013)

[3]   http://www.dawodu.com/balewa2.htm  (Accessed Jan, 2013)

[5]   http://segundawodu.com/nzeogwu.htm (Accessed Jan, 2013)

[9]     http://www.dawodu.com/dimka.htm  (Accessed Jan, 2013)

[11]   http://www.dawodu.com/omoigui8.htm  (Accessed Jan, 2013)