Interview with Alhaji Abubakar Rimi - 22-01-2005 By Helon Habila
About Mohammed Abubakar Rimi 
Alhaji Abubakar Rimi was born in Rimi Village of Sumaila Local Government Area of Kano State, Nigeria, in 1940. Two decades later, he attended an instructor's course at the institute of Administration, Zaria, which a year later became Ahmadu Bello University. He also undertook private studies for the General Certificate of education of the University of London. In 1972, Alhaji Rimi attended the University of London, where he completed a diploma in international affairs at the London institute of World Affairs, and later, a Masters Degree in International Relations.
He worked with the late Mallam Aminu Kano and some progressives, to form the people's Redemption Party (PRP), which was one of the five political parties registered and he contested in 1979 General elections in Nigeria. On the 11th of December 1978, Dr. Rimi was elected the party's Deputy National secretary at the PRP's first national convention in Lagos.
Alhaji Abubakar Rimi was elected the first civilian Governor of Kano State on 28th July, 1979. He become governor of Kano State at the age of 39, and his tenure witnessed fundamental changes and unparalleled achievements in Kano State.
Alhaji Abubakar Rimi's administration was widely recognized as one of the best state governments in Nigeria during his tenure as Kano State governor in terms of spreading social amenities and introducing new progressive measures for the betterment of the people â€“ for instance, educational institutions at all levels tripled during his tenure of office. Inaccessible and neglected rural areas of Kano State were opened up with massive road projects, rural electrification and extensive rural water programmes. His administration gave Kano state a great Television Station the CTV, in 1981. He also set up the Triumph Publishing Company home to four newspapers.
Women in Kano State benefited significantly from Rimi's administration. In December 1979, and for the first time in Kano State history, he appointed a woman to be a Commissioner in the State executive council. During his tenure of office between 1979 and 1983, there were three women Commissioners who served in the ministries of Trade, Industries and co-operative, Home Affairs and Information and Health.
Abubakar Rimi also introduced a celebrated Adult Education programme under a department he named â€˜Agency for Mass Education', in April 1980. Through this agency, adults who could not go through formal education to secondary and university levels obtained a high quality education. This Adult Education programme was recognized by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) of the United Nations, based in Paris, in 1983, as one of the best Adult Education programmes on the African continent.
Dr Abubakar Rimi is the recipient of numerous honors including an honorary Doctor of laws degree from the University of Calabar.
In 1993, he was appointed Minister of Communications. In that capacity, he was responsible for all telecommunication and postal services in Nigeria.
Alhaji Abubakar Rimi is one of the foundation members of the PDP. He was the Chairman of the Finance committee of the Party at its inception and also one of its presidential candidates.
Nigerian Leaders and Nigerian Leadership
Helon Habila: The country is at its lowest ebb politically, socially, economically and morally. What do you think are the reasons for this, and how can things be salvaged?
Rimi: Well, for a number of years we've had corrupt leaders running the affairs of the country. When I say corrupt leaders, I mean many of those who are involved in running the affairs of the country, at the national level, the state level, and the local government level. Corruption and acts of impropriety have become a way of life, and it is evident that corruption in Nigeria is not being punished. People know that if they steal public funds, they will only be relieved of their jobs or their office, and they are left with their ill gotten wealth. It is only fair to the people of Nigeria, that if someone is found guilty of corrupt practices such as the theft of public funds, they should be called to account for those funds, and be sent to prison. If corruption is punished, people will think twice before indulging in corrupt practices. Although, it is not humanly possible to eliminate corruption, bribery and selfishness, it can be reduced to a minimum degree. This can only be done by exposing those involved, and punish them by sending them to jail. But as long as we close our eyes to corruption and other acts of illegality and impropriety, we can't make serious progress in our country.
H.H: Now, many are of the opinion that Nigeria's problem is not necessarily that of leadership, but mainly that of followership; because people are not politically aware, Nigerian leaders have been able to get away with bad leadership. Do you agree with that?
Rimi: It is not the people who have let the country down, though they certainly play a role; a surreptitious support in what is happening. You see the general Nigerian populace does not have the power to do much. First of all the majority of Nigerians are politically unaware, and largely uneducated. Most are afraid of the authority, because it is, in the main, unjust, corrupt, and sometimes ruthless. Thus, the people are unable to do much on their own. But if there is a leader that will lead them to revolt, they will participate in the revolt. However, in Nigeria, if an individual begins a revolt, his own colleagues or partners who might benefit from the act will very likely report him to the authorities.
So, people are scared always to organise anything which might be considered subversive, because they could easily be charged with treason or coup plotting or something of the sort. And such an individual will find that his best friends will desert him in the time of trouble unlike in Europe where people can meet and organise themselves, and come out on the streets to demonstrate against the government without anything happening to them. In Nigeria, the police and soldiers will shoot demonstrators on sight. This is why people don't have the courage to revolt because there is no unity in collective action, and the leaders who are supposed to organise the people are watched by security agents, and are arrested and charged with one thing or the other. It might even happen that through such intimidation, people will blame the leader for revolting against the governmentâ€¦So the people, in a way, might share in the blame of their oppression.
Secondly, voters in Nigeria tend to expect money from a candidate during elections; they sell their conscience as well as their votesâ€¦
H.H [interjecting]: But is this not because people are, in the main, poor and hungry?
Rimi: They are hungry, yes; but the amount of money one receives from a political candidate during an election will not take care of any problem. It is plain ignorance to think that it would, and of course, poverty plays a role in thisâ€¦
H.H: Can you explain the idea behind the union called Nigeria? It appears that the Britain simply merged disparate groups of people for the sole reason of exploiting them. This, in a way, is why we mostly see ourselves as northerners, or southerners, Christians or Muslims first then as Nigerians, second. Are we forever going to be loyal to our tiny units, but disloyal to the whole?
Rimi: The idea of disloyalty started from colonial times when the British, in carving out the territory for themselves, decided to divide the country into two protectorates, namely, southern Nigeria, and protectorate of northern Nigeria. In the year 1904 or 1906, there was an amalgamation, which resulted in present day Nigeria. The British ruled till 1960 when we became independent. Such a history fostered the notion of "northerner," and "southernerâ€¦"
H.H: So, is it possible that we might ever have a unifying idea or philosophy like the American notion of "freedom and liberty," and the British "crown?"
Rimi: People can agree to any philosophy or any practice which they desire as a country, that is valuable, and helps launch national cohesion. But corrupt leadership, and ethnic rivalry, which is part of corrupt leadership, will not allow this to happen. This is because the leadership of this country has and continues to be more concerned with selfish sectional, religious, and ethnic interests rather than in the interest of Nigeria as a unified unit.
It is not true that the problem with Nigeria is that it is composed of different ethnic groups. In fact there are more ethnic groups in America than you have in Nigeriaâ€¦ Every ethnic group today is represented in the United States, so while we have 250 or so ethnic groups, I am sure America must have over 1000 ethnic groups. Every ethnic group that you know in Nigeria is in America. Today, one can find Nupe, Gwari, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Efik, Anang peoples; they are all over the place in America, as students, residents, and nationalsâ€¦they are all there. It is the same thing in England, in the New Britain where you have Indians, Nigerians, Arabs, Greeks, Turkish, Bulgarians, Caribbean, and East Europeans, not only taking up residence, but becoming nationals, becoming British. And nobody really talks in terms of ethnic groups there as well.
H.H: So what, essentially, is our problem?
Rimi: Selfishness of the leaders, first and foremost. The leadership selfishly instigates the people against each other, so that they can benefit politically, financially, whateverâ€¦ So, in truth, people do not want to be tribal. After all if you look at it from a practical point of view, you find that ordinary Nigerians who are not in government or in politics, conduct their own business, interact among themselves, inter-marry, not caring about ethnicity. Unfortunately, when selfish, corrupt, political leaders take power, they instigate a change in broadminded thinking. It is not the fault of the people, that of the leaders.
H.H: So, is political education part of the answer?
Rimi: Yes...but only partâ€¦ people definitely need to be politically educated. People need to know that when they demand or accept money from their member of parliament, that money will not solve their problem. Also, demanding money from our political representatives encourages them to engage in corrupt practices in order to make money apart from his legitimate earnings.
The Committee: What are some of the key ingredients for tackling corruption in Nigeria?
Rimi: The problem of Nigeria is poor leadership. Nigeria simply hasn't had a history of good, honest, patriotic, incorruptible leadership. Everybody sees government as a way of feathering his nest. And if you talk to any politician today, who has been voted into office, in any elective office, he will tell you his concern is not to serve others; his concern is to serve himself. And he will tell you, look I have spent millions to get where I am, why do you expect me to go and serve anybody else? I have made an investment, and I have to recover my money and make some profit.
The Committee: Is it not a credit to the present government that the ICPC [the Independent Corrupt Practices Commission] was set up to fight corruption?
Rimi: Perhapsâ€¦ however, in my opinion, the ICPC [the Independent Corrupt Practices Commission] has not achieved anything, it has been there now for over five years and it has not jailed any body. They have tons and tons of complaints from the public, tons and tons of evidence of corrupt practices by different individuals from all parts of the country, but nobody is being punished... If you punish anybody, people will expose you immediately. They will say we know the houses you bought, we know the houses you built â€¦you too you should be punished, so because of that fearâ€¦
The Committee: What kinds of checks and balances are needed to curb corruption?
Rimi: The only checks and balances necessary will be to punish the corrupt! The laws are there. They just need to be enforced. Corruption in Nigeria is in every sector and affects every strata of society, and all kinds of people. What encourages the perpetuity of corruption is the fact that corrupt people are not being exposed and punished. Unless you punish corrupt government officials corruption will never stop.
If you discover a government official is corrupt and you decide to punish him, who will implement it? The policeman who is supposed to arrest the fellow, will demand a bribe, the judiciary is corruptâ€¦Corruption is so entrenched in our national psycheâ€¦It will take a very daring and courageous national leader and government to do away with corruption.
Politics and the Military
H.H: Is the military still a threat in our politics?
Rimi: The military are in politics, and they will continue to be in politics for some time. Why? Because it has financial power... Nigerian politics today is guided by money. The Nigerian voter wants money from the candidate before an election. They are not interested in the qualities of the candidate, only in what the candidate will do for them when he is elected. People are interested only in the candidate dipping his hands into his pockets and giving them money.
There is the belief on the part of many Nigerian voters that when you are elected into an office, you are going there to make money for yourself. So what they saying is that when you get elected, you will become a big man, and inaccessible to the general masses. Therefore, you should give them their share of the money you are going to steal before you go there and steal it! And because of the knowledge that one will not be punished for theft of public funds, political candidates will steal anything, and get away with itâ€¦
So, the military in Nigeria is the richest group of Nigerians today, because you know when the military comes to power, their concern is not how to rule or in justice; that is not their training. Their concern is to conquer the country so that everything becomes booty. When a military man takes over power, his attitude is that everything belongs to him. He cannot understand why there should be an independent National Assembly, or an independent party. He cannot understand why Nigerians will ask him why he is not serving them, why he is taking all their money from the annual budget. What he wants from you is blind loyalty; just obey, whether he is right or wrong. Otherwise you become an enemy who must be eliminated. And this attitude doesn't leave them no matter how many years they have been out of the service.
Tribalism and Democracy
The Committee: Tribalism is one of Nigeria's greatest challenges. What constructive measures should be put in place to protect all Nigerians from discrimination irrespective of tribe, tongue, ethnicity, religion, creed and gender?
Rimi: What will be required is equal opportunity and fairness. Look at America, it has more ethnic groups than any other country â€“ every group is represented there. In Nigeria we will need policies similar to what they have in America. Adopt policies whereby people will be treated according to merit. In Nigeria today if a man becomes president, he will hire only people from his ethnic or religious group, favour his people by spending the country's money to develop his area. The same would be true if he were Hausa or Igbo or Yoruba or from any ethnic group. In order to end tribalism, we will need leadership that is fair to everyone.
The Committee: An attempt was made in the 1980s to develop what some saw as â€˜Nigerian style affirmative action' with a policy known as "federal character." Even as some hailed this policy, others believed it was an attempt to entrench mediocrity. What is your view?
Rimi: The essence of â€˜federal character' is to ensure even and equal representation in government and educational institutions from Nigeria's great ethnic and religious diversity. That is the purpose. We must accept the reality that for historical reasons there is a lot of in balance in certain spheres such as education amongst certain ethnic groups in Nigeria. A policy that attempts to solve this problem does not entrench mediocrity. It is an attempt to be fair to everyone. To run a true federation, everyone should be at the tableâ€¦in other words; there should be equal and fair representation. Without it, there will be instability.
H.H: Do you believe that the agitation of minorities and the Igbos for the presidency is justified? They have never had the presidency since the war, and some people think that giving them the presidency will be a way of solving the feelings of alienation by the so called â€˜marginalized groups?'
Rimi: I think that is propaganda; it is a way of campaigning for sympathy. As far back as 1979 an Igbo man was the vice-president of Nigeria, and interestingly enough, all the vice-presidential candidates were Igbo men, in all the five parties. In the NPN it was Alex Ekwueme; in GNPP it was a Barrister somebody - one Onitsha man; I have forgotten his nameâ€¦and in NPP, the presidential candidate was Zik, himself, whose running mate was Shettima Mustapha from Borno. We were in the same party then, and then Awolowo himself took a lawyer, whose name unfortunately slips me, to be his running mate. And of course Ikoku was the national secretary of our own party, the PRP.
You see where the Igbos are going wrong in my view, in their bid for the presidency, is that they are toeing the ethnic line; they are playing the ethnic card. We Igbos, we Igbos; we should be given the opportunity to be presidentâ€¦. No, you don't become president because you are Igbo; you become president if you are able to organise a party or you organise support within your party to get the necessary votes at the convention of your party! So you don't campaign along the lines of being Igbo or Hausa or Yoruba or anything, the ethnic card is not good for anybody who wants to be president of Nigeria. Because people can easily react, and say what about us the Hausa, what about us the Nupes, what about us the Fulani, the Ishekiris, what about the Ijaws etc, we too we have somebody who wants to be president.
H.H: But the whole idea of rotation in PDP, your party, runs counter to what you are now saying.
Rimi: I have always been against the idea of rotation, because I believe it is not the best way to get the best candidate for the party. Now we have a problem with the leadership, the majority of party members and Nigerians believe that the leadership in Nigeria is not doing well; there are not the right policies to galvanise Nigeria, and put it on the right footing, and in the right economic direction. So really I am not saying that Igbos would not make a good president, there are lots of Igbos who can give Nigeria a fantastic leadership, but they should not campaign on the basis that they are Igbos or members of any other ethnic group but on the basis that they can effectively galvanize the support of all Nigerians. If they or any other group want to be president, in which ever party they find themselves, they should fight for the nomination to get the majority of the votes to be the candidate of that party. And since PDP is now the winning party and the largest party, any man who wants to be president should be in PDP and fight at the convention of the party and not stay at home and hope that other Nigerians will have sympathy for them and then they will give them the presidency, that is not going to happen.
The committee: For a short time following independence from Great Britain, Nigeria's leaders appeared to have a vision for long term development. We had a clear time table and development goals articulated through 5 year development plans. Why do you think that strategy was abandoned? Would returning to that type of economic planning help Nigeria today?
Rimi: The early 1960s and 1970s is really the era you are talking about. I believe the most serious threat to that kind of planning came in the form of military coups. The instability that the military brought with them was also apparent in their chaotic economic plans or rather lack there of. The 5 year development strategy was a good ideaâ€¦but you know the annual budget is just like a shorter version of the 5 year development plan. My point is thisâ€¦ Annual budgets have clearly spelt out capital expenditures, economic objectives, thrust areas, proposals, federal, state and local government financial allocations, projected tax revenues etcâ€¦So the annual budget serves the same purpose on a shorter time table. What is required is accountability, strong leadership with a grand vision for developing the nation, a concerted effort to rid the country of the corrupt. Only then will short or long term development plans work.
The Committee: What in your view is required to improve educational standards in Nigeria?
Rimi: Several thingsâ€¦first is better financing. You can't do anything without money. Enough funds are not allocated to the Educational sector. Even where they are earmarked, there is always a problem with the release of the fundsâ€¦Second, better training of teachers is particularly important. The quality of teachers at all levels is extremely low. There is a need for great improvement and maintenance of high standards in education. We are in a situation where a graduating student from university today cannot write you a letter in English! We should strive for educational standards that produce graduates that can once again rival graduates from any part of the worldâ€¦ Government needs to adopt policies that make it possible for teachers to get paid, and be given their entitlements. There is no stability in the education sector today. Teachers are constantly on strike. ASUU goes on strike and the universities are constantly closed because the government never lives up to the agreements they make. When you have leaders that are not themselves well educated, how can you expect them to value, to understand the importance of a good education? It is clear that Nigeria will never produce a strong educational system without good teachers. Therefore, the welfare of teachers is paramountâ€¦and not just salaries â€“ accommodation, facilities, vacation [paid holidays and leave] etc.
The committee: Many experts have pointed out that educating women can lift the standard of living of an entire country. Do you agree?
Rimi: Yes, of course I agree.
The Committee: How can Nigeria improve the education of our women particularly in the north?
Rimi: We will not advance as a nation if we do not educate our women. Every census we have had since the 1950s has shown that there are more women than men in Nigeria. If you do not give enough attention to the education of women, you are saying that you do not want women to succeed, that more than half of the nation should not participate in Nigeria's affairs...that will spell disaster for the nation. An emphasis should be placed on several fronts: double and triple intake of women in schools particularly in the educationally disadvantaged states, train more women teachers- you know women are our mothers and, the mothers of everybody, the mothers of the nationâ€¦they are more tolerant and patient than men. They should play a central role in the education of the nation and the affairs of the nation.
When I was Kano State governor, we introduced the now famous adult Education programme under a department called â€˜Agency for Mass Education', in April 1980. Through this Agency, adults who could not go through formal education to secondary and university levels were for the first time given access to education. In some areas of the state, we were able to double and triple the numbers of women enrolled. This was a great achievement and was recognized by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) of the United Nations, based in Paris. The government was awarded a medal and certificate by UNESCO for running the best Adult Education programme in the whole of the African continent! That programme can serve as a model for the rest of the country.
The committee: We all know that the National Electric Power Authority [NEPA] has been a catastrophic failure. What do we need to do to fix this perennial problem?
Rimi: A Number of things will be needed: We will need to reorganize NEPA. We must clarify what federal and state regulatory authority and responsibility will be. We will not achieve anything until the financial health of the sector is stabilized and clarity in regulation is reestablished. We should rejuvenate and install new equipment in our existing power stations and build new onesâ€¦coal and natural gas stations, hydro-electric stations. The government needs to also invest in the grid. Steady electricity will increase economic output and productivity. It will not only have a positive impact on the manufacturing sector, but also on all sectors of the economy Increase transmission lines into the rural areas as electric capacity is increased. Constant electricity should be a right and not a luxury. Eliminate Corruption in this sector. As in all sectors of government, corruption is preventing us from developing. We hear that billions of Naira has been pumped into NEPA to make it work. There are other problemsâ€¦ If you look at the budget, the money appropriated is not released to NEPA but is somehow still spent! A closer examination will show inflation of costs of equipment bought by NEPA, third rate or second hand equipment rather than new equipment that is installed, and as a consequence a cycle of constant power failures. Everyone from the top levels of government to the local NEPA official is trying to illegally enrich themselves at the country's expense. Until corruption is stopped, the electricity problem will not be solved.
Sharia Law in Northern Nigeria
The Committee and H.H: With the introduction of Sharia in northern Nigeria in recent years, the shape of the north has changed from what it was previously perceived to be -- that is unified. Now most Christian northerners feel a sense of alienation. One of Africa's foremost writers called Sharia the greatest threat to Nigeria's unity and democracy. Is this division going to widen?
Rimi: That statement is not true, it is absolutely false. Sharia law is not a problem. It is not divisive. How does it destabilize the nation? Tell me! That kind of talk is a clear display of ignorance of Sharia law. Christians in Northern Nigeria are not feeling a sense of alienation because of Sharia. It [Sharia law] is not meant for non-Muslims. It is Islamic law that caters to and concerns only Muslims. It does not affect the rights and freedoms of others. There has always been Sharia. Sharia in Nigeria is as old as Islam itselfâ€¦ there is nothing which is new in Sharia as we know it today. The punitive side of Sharia is not taking place. Where Sharia says you should cut the wrist of a thief, or if people are caught in the act of fornication they should be stoned to death, or when people take alcohol they should be given eighty lashes, that doesn't happen. Sharia as we know it today is what it has always been, except when people want to politicise it. And also, the non-Muslims, either through sheer ignorance or sheer mischief, do really not understand what Sharia is all about. Sharia is only for Muslims, it is not for Christians, it is not for anybody who doesn't belong to Islam.
H.H: There are overzealous Muslims â€¦
Rimi: (interrupts) Overzealousness doesn't mean anybody's action is correct. If there's an overzealous governor or official in whatever he does, that is not Sharia, it is miss-education or ignorance of what Sharia is all about, because Sharia does not force anybody to be a Muslim. Even the Koran has stated that there's no force in religion, you cannot force anybody to bend to your will in religion. So, as far as I can see, I can't see anything new now that is happening with Sharia; but still the Sharia of inheritance and the law of marriage are still as they have always been. As far as we can see there are certain aspects of Sharia which don't fall in line with the common law and because Nigeria is applying the common law, because Nigeria is applying the constitution of the type we are applying in Nigeria, Sharia cannot be implemented the way it should be.
It is important to point out that, first of all, Nigeria is not an Islamic, nor a Christian state, neither is it pagan. Nigeria is a country with heterogeneous religions and the constitution provides the right for everybody to practice what he believes, but even in implementing Sharia as it applies to Muslims, there are certain aspects of it which contradicts the fundamental law of the country, and from what we have seen in Katsina and Zamfara, - the cases of those women who were said to have born â€˜bastards' and therefore they should be stoned to death or something like that - you can see that it didn't happen. Because that action was considered to be violating their fundamental human rights. But in Islam you cannot engage in drinking of alcohol, and then consider yourself as having any fundamental human rights, because consuming alcohol is forbidden by God, and Sharia says if you are caught drinking alcohol you should be given 80 lashes of the whip.
But we live in a country where doing that will be violating your fundamental human rights. So that is why it will be difficult for Sharia to be implemented the way it should, and the fear of Sharia by non-Muslims is absolutely unfounded and unreasonable; there is nothing about Sharia that stops Christians from doing what they want to do. After all Christians still drink in the states that are supposed to be Sharia states. I am from Kano, and I know there are clubs in Kano where people still drink, where non-Muslims still drink their alcohol in Kano. And as far as I know there are more Muslims in Kano who drink alcohol than the non-Muslims who consume alcohol. And they are still drinking.
H.H: Still on religion. As governor of Kano state you witnessed, and were able to contain one of the first ever religious fundamentalist uprisings, the Maitatsine riots. In recent years, however, the number of religious conflicts, especially in the north has continued to escalate. Kaduna is an example; Jos is another case in point, the once beautiful city has been reduced to a shadow of itself. ..
Rimi: These are not really religious conflicts, they are political conflicts created through religious methods. There are so many ways of creating crisis, you can organise a demonstration, political, to resist something. You can organise it through religious groups and whip up sentiments and so on. I don't think there is any serious religious conflict among the people of Nigeria. The truth of the matter is political crisis is organised through religious groups, that is my understanding. I live in Nigeria, I participate in the affairs of Nigeria on a daily basis and I know there is no Christian or Muslim who will attack another Christian or Muslim simply because they are Christian or Muslim. There are retaliatory actions where somebody may say, okay, the Christians or the Muslims attacked us, and burnt our mosque or houses so we must retaliate, that will look like a religious crisis. But the organisers of the crisis only organised it that wayâ€¦it is all politics.
I don't believe there's a single incident of religious crisis in Nigeria. If you investigate every single so-called religious crisis you will behind it there is politicsâ€¦.and in each of these crises the people behind it are known. The imams, the emirs, the chiefs, the priests, the bishops, the Obas, they are known, and the politicians who instigate them are known, but you find commissions of inquiry being set up and instead of blaming those people they will blame somebody else. So Nigeria is not facing the reality of the situation, and it is not punishing those who are causing the problems, and as long as there will be no punishment, the crises will continue. Because as long as people know that they can cause a problem, get people killed, get churches or mosques burnt, get houses burnt, bring the economy to a standstill and yet still they can go and sleep in their house without anything happening to them, then tomorrow they will do it again. But if you fish them out, and other people, when they see that some big people are punished, they will think twice before they do it. Most of Nigeria's problems are caused because people causing the problem are not being punished. The corruption, the religious and political crises, all these things are happening because nobody is being punished for doing it or causing it.
H.H: At the age of 39 you were a governor, most youth today at that age are struggling to get a job, or even to finish school. Has your generation squandered the inheritance of the present generation?
Rimi: No, I think people achieve certain status in their lives either by dint of hard work or by luck, or by sheer circumstances. I have been in politics since 1964, and I contested for the governorship of Kano state in 1979, this is a gap of 15 years, and I joined politics at the age of 24. The youth of today are more concerned about money, they are not concerned about ideals and ideologies and philosophies and service. That is not what is before them, not all of them, but the vast majority, what is before them is to have a job, to get married, to have a good car and live a good life. In our time we were not thinking like that, although I married very early, five years before I contested election to the house of reps., and that was in 12 December 1959, I contested election in December 1964 that is a gap of five years. I was imbued with patriotism and concern for the common man. I came from a rural area where I saw my people suffering abject poverty and deprivation. Things like good road and electricity and good water are things which we were only dreaming of but we never had them, and we had members in the regional assembly in Kaduna and in the federal assembly in Lagos who were supposed to speak on our behalf, the people who have put them into power, but they never did so. So I, at the age of 24, I stood up to challenge the status quo, but the youth of today will not do that, they will tell you they don't want to suffer, they don't want to be in trouble, but I suffered because on my first election I was locked up, but no young man today will like to go to prison.
H.H: Probably because the prisons now are worse than they used to be in your time?
Rimi: They were worse before, now they have fans, they have mosquito nets, they have ACs, these things were not there then. So if the young people are not getting what they want it is their fault.
H.H: As a governor you got an award from the UN for your policies on education. The country's education system is a mess at present, what is your view on this?
Rimi: This is where experience matters. Before I became a governor I was in public service for nearly twenty yearsâ€¦ I have a university education, from two universities in the UK. I am not being arrogant or anything, but you can not compare me to people who have half education or people who really have no plan. And secondly, in my party the PRP we had a programme, our party was an ideological party which knew what it would do when it was in government, and everything in the party was organised by a committee under my chairmanship. Our party concentrated on doing what would make life good or better for the ordinary person. Today the situation is different, and I became governor of Kano state at that time without spending anything. I didn't spend anything to campaign. I didn't spend any kobo on anybody to vote for me, but now what is happening is that people will go into business, they will do dirty deals, sell cocaine and get money through duping government by contracts and use that money to contest for office, so they don't feel any obligation to anybody to pay back. I believe as governor of Kano state I was paying back something and that thing was the support we got from the people without bribing anybody. Ask any senator or any governor, ask them how much they spent to become what they are and they will tell you either in hundreds of millions or for the lower levels it will be hundreds of thousands.
Helon Habila was the literary editor of the Vanguard newspaper in Nigeria. He is currently a writing fellow at the University of East Anglia. He won the Caine Prize for African Writing in 2001. His novel, Waiting for an Angel is published by Hamish Hamilton in the UK and W.W. Norton in the US. Disclaimer: The views expressed in the interview are not necessarily those of the Chinua Achebe Foundation. The Chinua Achebe foundation, an intellectual and cultural organization, believes in the right of every Nigerian to express their opinion.
 Courtesy of Abubakar Rimi's Website http://www.rimionline.com/itm00001.htm Courtesy of Dr Abubakar Rimi's Website http://www.rimionline.com/itm00001.htm