For Sarah Palin, October 2 is her D-day - debate and decision day.

If she survives the Vice Presidential debate with Democratic Party candidate Joe Biden, she may be on her way to becoming the first female vice president of the United States .

But if she fails, she may be on her way back to Alaska even before her name is printed on the voting slip.

It has come to that.

The hoopla over her surprise pick for the Republican vice president has died down. In the few interviews she has granted the media, she ended up scaring not just her opponents but respectable Republicans.

In her first interview with Charles Gibson, Gibson was blamed for her failures to answer his questions like someone who might be president on January 21st 2009.

In her interview with friendly commentator, Sean Hannity of Fox News 'Hannity & Colmes,"  Palin did not do any better in spite of being in a friendly territory.

Then she was interviewed by Katie Couric - a woman news anchor who was not espousing sexism. There her performance was a disaster.

Writing in the conservative, Kathleen Parker essentially asked Palin to return to Alaska and take care of her family.

Even women on the street are now screaming that Sarah Palin does not represent them. "We are much smarter than that," a woman said.

It wasn't just the radical right that are pissed off, even responsible conservative like George Will are raising doubts about McCain's readiness to be president.

In his column in Washington Post, conservative columnist George Will wrote, "It is arguable that McCain, because of his boiling moralism and bottomless reservoir of certitudes, is not suited to the presidency."

McCain's certainty on the choice of Sarah Palin for vice president has not helped.

Maybe at the end, we will all see what Peggy Noonan and Mike Murphy saw at the very beginning when Sarah Palin was named McCain's choice for vice president. These two Republican operatives called it "gimmickry" and "political bullshit.' In fact, they concluded that "it is all over" for John McCain.

ÔÇŽ or maybe, just maybe, these early signs were all ploys to lower expectations so much that come October 2, Sarah Palin will perform so brilliantly that John McCain will step down for her.

You never can tell.

What we all can agree on is that from now until October 2, Sarah Palin has a lot of reading and cramming to do. And based on what we saw at the first presidential debate, the stakes are too high.

You bet, I will be watching.  


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Re: October 2: Sarah Palin's D-day
Afeni posted on 09-28-2008, 19:14:29 PM
I watched the Katie Couric interview. Sarah Palin was horrible. I ended up switching channels out of sheer shame for her. She is not prepared, and it is absolutely clear to all honest people.

Sadly, I think her problems are too severe to be cured in crash-studying of the issues. Fundamentally, she is not interested in economics and foreign policy, and it shows. No amount of talking points handed over to Palin will fix this flaw.

The only question I have is, what was Mccain thinking? Palin is the last person he should have picked.

i) She undermines the entire argument about Barrack Obama being unqualified.
ii) She upsets female voters who feel insulted that Mccain chose a pretty, empty box to represent them.

No doubt about, she is going to be slaughtered at the debate.

Its no wonder that the Mccain campaign keeps her away from the media. In the month or so she has been the nominee, she has had 3 national interviews. In comparison, Joe Biden, the Democratic VP nominee, has had over 90 national interviews. He even engages in 1 on 1 discussions with passengers during his daily commute on the trains from Delaware to Washington.
Re: October 2: Sarah Palin's D-day
Ezyvic posted on 09-29-2008, 15:09:56 PM
I watched the Katie Couric interview. Sarah Palin was horrible. I ended up switching channels out of sheer shame for her. She is not prepared, and it is absolutely clear to all honest people.

Sadly, I think her problems are too severe to be cured in crash-studying of the issues. Fundamentally, she is not interested in economics and foreign policy, and it shows. No amount of talking points handed over to Palin will fix this flaw.

The only question I have is, what was Mccain thinking? Palin is the last person he should have picked.

i) She undermines the entire argument about Barrack Obama being unqualified.
ii) She upsets female voters who feel insulted that Mccain chose a pretty, empty box to represent them.

No doubt about, she is going to be slaughtered at the debate.

Its no wonder that the Mccain campaign keeps her away from the media. In the month or so she has been the nominee, she has had 3 national interviews. In comparison, Joe Biden, the Democratic VP nominee, has had over 90 national interviews. He even engages in 1 on 1 discussions with passengers during his daily commute on the trains from Delaware to Washington.

Palin could be the downfall tool for McCain, if and only if, Biden 'eats' her up on thursday. Sarah Palin want to shore up the economy without an inch idea of how to do it. I hear she has been in the 'debate camp' and will remain there till thursday.


Re: October 2: Sarah Palin's D-day
Dewdrops posted on 10-02-2008, 06:52:01 AM
For Sarah Palin, October 2 is her D-day - debate and decision day. If she survives the Vice Presidential debate with Democratic Party candidate Joe Biden, she m...[URL=]Read the full article.[/URL]

What we all can agree on is that from now until October 2, Sarah Palin has a lot of reading and cramming to do. And based on what we saw at the first presidential debate, the stakes are too high.

Hmmmmmmmmmm! Just wondering if she read and crammed her way up to get the governorship seat of Alaska. Are you a governor of your own state in Nigeria? Never heard of any "Rudolph O. Okonkwo" as any governor of any Eastern state in Nigeria afterall. Even in the Ibo-speaking areas of the Niger-Delta to broaden the scope of recognition.

Please speak/write for yourself and those who think like you. You are most certainly not echoing ma thoughts ok?

The beauty of American politics. Everyone has a chance to prove himself or herself to the people who should be electing them.

We listened to George Bush and John Kerry in their rounds of debates 8 years ago or so. Even where George Bush looked and sounded like a "musketeer', it did not stop the American people from voting him in twice as POTUS.

Go figure!

People never learn from past mistakes-----the reason history will keep repeating itself over and over again.

It ain't over till the fat lady sings.

What's the hype over Palin? Because she is a young woman who at 44, has achieved what most men even in their 60s and 70s can never dream of achieving anywhere in the world?

Is she dumber than George Bush?

With any of the combination of choices we have currently.....things can only get better not worse.

What's the hype I ask?

I see only sexism and gender bias at play here. If George Bush could find his way into the White House twice, Palin has a fair chance too.

The stakes are high indeed! Just as they were for George Bush I believe.

Just as John McCain eats up Barack Obama in most of his debates, it should not take the brain of a 2 year old to see that Biden would have an edge over Palin for one simple reason---------experience and age. I really do have to turn off my TV set when I hear Obama talk too like he knows what the heck he is yapping experience whatsoever. Does that mean he should not be given a chance? No. Even with the absence of a meaningful stats of "voting records"----the American people have not discarded him yet. All seasoned politicians start from somewhere. They make mistakes and learn from those mistakes....except those like George Bush of course.

My point? Palin deserves the kind of chance Obama is getting too.......let them go and prove themselves with the wealth of experience around them. This is not Africa where Old men die in office with the "Mugabe" syndrome. The young shall definitely grow. Margaret Thatcher comes to mind.......she took baby steps to get to be a prime minister abi? She made mistakes and worked her way up in Britain to make history. Were there not able bodied men in Great Britain in her time? Experience is accquired and not genetically bestowed upon politicians.

WHY IS PALIN DIFFERENT? ---------- Sexism and gender bias--------- the ever sickening concept of the "over-inflated male ego" at play---------blind to reason and ability to negotiate successful outcomes for the general good of all. No woman will be quafied just for being a woman. Can we even dream of a Nigerian female VP? Not in this life time. Even governorship seat na wahala------who born you? When the only thing you are good for is bedroom and kitchen activities?

Just as the Obama-Biden ticket is appealing to most, I do not see anything wrong with the McCain-Palin ticket. Obama lacks the experience Biden or McCain has. So he is just as green as Palin in my opinion-----------don't really care if he is a man or not. He is also there to learn just like Palin is there to learn. He is 46 years old, and Palin is 44 years old. HOW ARE THEY DIFFERENT? Only thing I see is that one is a male and one is a female------equally inexperienced.

There are reasons Obama picked Biden. There are also reasons why McCain picked Palin. In the overall political "chess" game of American politics, you can never know what aces are up the sleeves of the dealers till the game is over.
Re: October 2: Sarah Palin's D-day
Dewdrops posted on 10-02-2008, 07:47:47 AM


Finland votes in its first female president

Associated Press
Sunday, 6 February 2000

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Tarja Halonen's first words after she learned today that she was about to become Finland's first female president were practical.

Tarja Halonen's first words after she learned today that she was about to become Finland's first female president were practical.

\"Tomorrow I'll go to the Foreign Ministry to take care of some administrative tasks. Then I'll take a vacation,\" she said on national television as she sat next to her rival waiting for the final results to be tallied.

But the 56-year-old Social Democratic foreign minister waxed ideological as the results became more certain.

\"In 2005, Finns will celebrate 100 years of women's voting rights, and I think it's great and fitting that then we'll have a woman as president,\" she said.

The jovial, red-haired Halonen, who will begin her six-year term on March 1, is known for her down-to-earth style and her sympathy for the downtrodden.

She started her victory speech tonight with a warning to cheering supporters to be careful not to trample several small children up front.

Foreign minister since 1995, Halonen was a member of Helsinki City Council for 20 years and has been a lawmaker since 1979. She has held several other ministerial posts and has a reputation for getting things done.

Some pundits had predicted that Halonen's left-wing tendencies and untraditional lifestyle would work against her. But many Finns said they admired her independence.

\\"I'm voting for Halonen because of her values, and she has a lot of experience,\\" said Pekka Mikkonen, 36, a computer maintenance worker.

The former trade union lawyer is divorced and lives with her longtime boyfriend, Pentti Arajarvi, who will be moving with her to the presidential residence.

Arajarvi said he was proud of Halonen and ready for the change.

\"Every time a woman wins something in our society, it's a great victory for them. Even though our society is fairly egalitarian, there are still things to improve,\" he said.

Halonen currently lives in the workers' part of Helsinki where she grew up. She has a daughter, Anna, who lives in England.

Halonen left the Evangelical Lutheran Church to which 85 percent of Finns belong to protest its policy of taxing all employed church members and its negative stand against female priests. Nevertheless, she maintains that she was baptised and confirmed in the church.

She supports minority groups and has headed Finland's Gay Association.

\"She will be a caring president which is very important in our society where the rich are getting richer,\" said Suvi-Anne Siimes, head of the Left Alliance, a member of the coalition government.

Is the current Liberian President in Africa not a woman?

Did they not all start from somewhere?

Anywhere I see a woman active in political affairs around the world-------I rejoice.

Why? My daughters will have a chance at progress anywhere in this world where Nigeria cannot give them that kind of chance.

See? No husband oooooooooooooooh! Just one daughter. An advocate of gay rights too. Were there no men in the country of Finland?

If she does not do a good job----I am confident that the people of Finland will do something about it..........she has proven herself.

June 19, 2003
Female prime ministers are more common than they once were, but each new \\"first female prime minister\\" and \\"first woman president\\" of a nation is an automatic pioneer. Finland's history makers are making a different kind of news as Finland's first female prime minister resigns over a scandal involving leaked documents and the Iraq war, and Finland's first woman president receives her resignation.

Tarja Kaarina Halonen, Finland's president who was elected in January 2000 and who accepted Jaatteenmaki's resignation, was the last of the women presidents and prime ministers elected in the 20th century.

See? Female prime ministers and female presidents.

Suuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuure! I know. Let women keep trying too till they get it right. No political office is devoid of scandals and pitfalls. Halonen was re-elected again in 2006

The President of Finland is the Head of State of Finland. Under the Constitution of Finland, executive power is vested in the President and the government, with the President possessing extensive powers. The President is elected directly by the people for a term of six years. Since 1991, no President may be elected for more than two consecutive terms. The President must be a native-born Finnish citizen. The office was established by the Constitution Act of 1919. The current office-holder is President Tarja Halonen.

My point----------Sarah Palin deserves that chance. Any thing for the advancement of women anywhere in this world I am for. You men should stop dragging us back please. We are sick of being used as just your breeding grounds and tired of burning our eye-lashes/fingernails in the kitchen to feed your pot bellies. Get into the gaddem kitchen and cook meals for the whole neighbourhood for a change.

Join \"Agoyin\" men group of company for a change.

We don tire.

Goooooooooooooooooooo Palin Power!!!!! Even if you do not win--------go and try your luck. I no dey your party but I dey ya side gaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaan! Do your thing mama!!!

Make women proud across the world.

Gooooooooooooooooo Palin Power!!!!!
Re: October 2: Sarah Palin's D-day
Dewdrops posted on 10-02-2008, 08:34:18 AM

Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership

Note that in some monarchies members of the royal families acts
as Deputy Heads of State


1954-75 Vice-Chairman Song Qingling, China
One of two deputies of Chairman Mao. She afterwards became acting Chairperson of the presidium of the National People’s Congress and thereby acting Head of State 1968-72 and perhaps 1976-78. From 1945-54 she vas Vice-Chairperson of the Council of Ministers.


1961-66 Vice-President Maria Paretti, Romania
Member of the Council of State for some years before becoming it's Vice-Chairperson and deputy head of state.


1966-70 Vice-President Constanta Craciun, Romania
1953-62 Chairperson of the State-Committee for Culture and Art 1962-66 Minister of Culture.

1972-74 Vice-President and President of the Senate Maria Estela Mart├şnez Cartas de Per├│n, Argentina

Isabel Peron succeeded her husband, President Juan Peron, in 1974 becoming the world’s first woman with the title of President. (b. 1931-).

1975-76 Deputy Head of State, Premier Minister ├ëlisabeth Domiti├ęn, Central African Republic
Ated as President on occasions when President Bokassa was abroad.. She lived (1926-?97).

1979 Acting Deputy Head of State and President of The Congreso Lidia Gueiler Tejada, Bolivia
Acting President 1979-80 and before that President of Camera de Diputados 1978-79.


1980-85 Vice-President Maria Ciocan, Romania
Between 1985-89 Member of the Council of State.

1998-99 Vice-President Ruth Dreifuss, Switzerland
As National Councillor (Minister) of the Interior 1992-2002, she served a one-year term as Vice-President of Switzerland before taking over as President 1999-2000.

1997-2005 Vice-President Prof. Dr. Masoumek Ebtekar, Iran
In charge of Environment (b. 1960-)

1998-2002 1st. Vice-President Astrid Fischel Volio, Costa Rica
Also Minister of Culture and Sports. She is Professor of History at the University of Costa Rica.

1998-2002 2nd Vice-President Elizabeth Odio Benito, Costa Rica
Also Minister of Environment and Energy. She was Minister of Justice and Attorney-General 1978-82 and
1990-94, Vice-rector of The University of Costa Rica, 1994 Ambassador to UN in Europe, 1994-97 Judge by the International Tribunal in the former Yugoslavia. From 2002 Minister of Education.

1998-2001 Vice-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, The Philippines
In 2001 she succeeded Estrada as President after he was forced to resign. Daughter of the late President Diosdado Macapagal and Dr. Evangeline Macaraeg-Macapagal, mother of two sons and a daughter (b. 1947-)

1998-2002 2nd. Executive Vice-President GLadys Caballero de Arevalo, Honduras
Vice-Minister of Justice around 1996

1999-2001 Vice-President Megawati Sukarnoputri, Indonesia
Leader of the Democratic Party in 1993-96, founder and leader of The Party of Democratic Struggle in 1998, and won the most seats in the Parliament in 1999. 2000-01 charged with the running of the daily business of the government and state. At the 23rd of July President Wahid was ousted as President and she inaugurated as President. (b. 1946-)

1999-2000 Deputy Head of State, President of the
Senate Mar├şa de Los ├üngeles Moreno Uriegas, Mexico
1982-88 Subsecretary of Budget, 1988-91 Secretary of Fisheries, 1992 President of Cámera de Diputados, 1994 President of the Permanent Commission of Congreso de la Union, 1993-94 Coordinator of the PRI Parliamentary Group, 1994 General Secretary, 1994-95 President and 1998-99 Vice-President of the Parliamentary, 1997 President of the Senate, 1997-98 1. Vice-President of the Senate and from
May to August 1998 Vice-President of the Permanent Commission. 1999 General Coordinator of the Parliamentary Group, 1999 President of the Senate (March), 1999 President of the Commission of Congreso de la Union. (b. 1954)

2000-08 Vice-President Annette L├╝ Hsin-lien, Taiwan
Political prisoner 1979-85, on parole 1985-90, Member of the Legislative Yuan 1992, Counsellor of the President 1996, County Magistrate in Taoyan County 1997-2000 and Acting Chairperson of the Democratic Progressive Party 2005-06. In the first stage of the primary elections in May 2007, she finished last of the candidates with 6% of the wote. The male candiate later lost the elections. (b. 1944-).

2000- 04 Vice-President Milagros Ortiz Bosch, Dominican Republic
Also Secretary of State of Education. In 1963 and 1965 she was Assistant of her relative, President Bosch, imprisoned 1963 and in exile 1964-65, academic career, 1982-90 Advisor in the Camera de Diputados, Senator 1990-2000, Vice-President of the Partido Revolucionario Dominicano from 1991. In 2004 she was candidate for President in the party's primary elections, running against the incumbent President, who ultimately lost the national elections. (b. 1936-)

2000-02 Executive Vice-President Adina Mercedes Bastidas Castillo, Venezuela
International banker, and she was removed from office in January 2002 because she expressed too leftist views. Instead she was appointed Minister of Productivity and Commerce.

2000- Deputy Head of State, Speaker of the House of Representatives Alix Boyd Knights, Dominica

Former human Right's Advocate.

2001-05 Vice-President Sandra Sumang Pierantozzi, Palau (Balau)
1989-96 Minister of Administration and Budget as her country's first female minister, 1992 she was candidate for Vice-President and from 1996 senator and Floor Leader. In 2001 she again became Minister of Administration and Budget again, and was later appointed Minister of Health. In 2000 opponent as Vice-Presidential candidate was her nephew, Senator Alan Seid. In 2004 she failed to be reelected for second term.

2001-2003 and 2004-2007 Deputy Head of State Nino Burjanadze, Georgia
Elected Chairperson of the Parliament and Deputy Head of State, after her predecessor resigned amid serious political upheaval when President Eduard Shevardnadze sacked his entire cabinet. She was Acting President after Shevardnaze was forced to resign 2003-04 and again from 2007. (b. 1964-).

2002 1st. Vice-President Lineth Sabor├şo Chaverri, Costa Rica
She has held various Cabinet Positions. At 23rd. of June 2003 President Abel Pacheco de la Espriella (b. 1933-) went on one week's sick-leave and surrendered his power temporarily to her. She has since acted on many occations since then, when she has been \"Presidenta en ejercicio de la Rep├║blica de Costa
Rica\". (b. 1962-)

2002-06 2nd Executive Vice-President Armida Villela de L├│pez Contreras, Honduras
She was lawyer prior to her election to the post of vice-President. She is also in charge of various social programs.

2002-07 Vice-President Truong My Hoa, Vietnam
Trương Mỹ Hoa was President of the National Committee for the Advancement of Women Ca. 1995-2002 and Vice-President of the National Assembly of Viet Nam until 2002. (b. 1945-).

2002- Deputy Head of State, President of the Senate Dr. Linda Baboolal, Trinidad and Tobago
Chairperson of Peoples National Movement 1996-2002. Minister of Social Welfare and Consumer's Affairs 1991-95 and Minister of Health 1995. Only a couple of days after her election to Senate President, she became Acting President of the Republic during the travels abroad of President Robinson (10-17.04).

2002- Deputy Head of State Dr. Szili Katalin, Hungary
As President of The Orsz├íggy├╝l├ęs she is also Deputy Head of State. Dr. Szili was Political State Secretary of Environmental Protection 1994-98 and Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly 1998-2002.

2002-06 Deputy Head of State Ingr├«da ├Ťdre, Latvia
As Chairperson of the Saeima she was Deputy to the President. From 1998 Co-Chairperson and 1998-99 Vice-Chairperson of the Saeima Fracion of the New Party and in 1999 Minister of Economics and Presidential Candidate. 2004 Designated as European Commissioner. (b. 1958-).

2003 Vice-President Ruth Metzler-Arnold, Switzerland
(2004 Designate Federal President)
Ruth Metzler was considered a future hope of Swiss politics but was was narrowly defeated for re-election in 2003 as the first Councillor of State not to be reelected for 131 years, because the parliament preferred a 18 years older man from her party, who then took over the post of Federal President, which would have occupied, had she remained in office. She was S├Ąchelmeisterin, Councillor of Finance 1996-99 and Vice-President of the Government 1998-99 of the Kanton Appenzell-Innerhoden . (b. 1964-).

2003- Vice President Teima Onorio, Kiribati
Also known as Teimwa Onorio, she is her country's only female MP and the first female cabinet member for 26 years as Minister Education, Youth and Sport Development. (b. 1963-).

2003 Deputy Head of State Anneli J├Ą├Ątteenm├Ąki, Finland
As Prime Minister she was also also Deputy Head of State. In 1991-94 and 1999-2000 Deputy Parliamentary Leader and since 2000 leader of Suomen Keskusta/Centern i Finland, 1994-95 Minister of Justice. (b. 1958-)

2003-06 and 2007- Deputy Head of State Ene Ergma, Estonia
As Chairperson of the Riigikogu 2003-06 and from 2007 she was also Deputy Head of State. D.Sc. in physics and mathematics, Professor since 1988 and Vice-President of the Estonian Academy of Sciences 1999-2003, Parliament Vice-President from 2006 and Candiate in the August Presidential Elections. (b. 1944-).

2004- Vice-President Ana Vilma Alvanez de Escobar, El Salvador
Ana Vilma de Escobar was member of the Cabinet and President of the Salvadoran Institute of Social Security 1999-2003. She and the Presidential candidate of the ARENA-party won 57% in the first round. The new government will take office 1/7-04.

2004- Vice-President Joyce Mujuru, Zimbabwe
A General during the anti-colonial under the name of Teurai-Ropa Nhongo. Also ZANU-Party Secretary of Education. 1980 Minister of Youth, Sport and Recreation, 1980-85 Minister of Community Development and Women's Affairs, 1985-88 Minister of State by the Prime Minister, 1988-92 Minister of Community Development, Cooperatives and Women’ Affairs, 1992-96 Resident Minister and Governor of Mashonaland Central, 1996-97 Minister of Information, Post and Telecommunication Since 1997 Minister of Rural Resources and Water Development and in 2001 Acting Minister of Defence
Former Secretary and from 2004 Vice-President of ZANU-P. (b. 1955-).

Goooooooooooooooooooooo Palin Power.

Join the list please. Make women proud across the globe.

Interesting all the women look like lesbians--------who needs a man afterall? See all of them with low cut like \"boy alinco\" dem.

he he he

Laff wan kill me this morning.

See? Men have always been a stumbling block to the successes of women since time immemorial.

Nearly all the women in this long list from the 1950s deciced that men are stumbling blocks when it comes to women getting ahead in life.

It is not our portion in the name of the Lord.

Re: October 2: Sarah Palin's D-day
Dewdrops posted on 10-02-2008, 08:50:57 AM
Women Presidents



S├╝hbaataryn Yanjmaa (1893-1962)

The widow of national hero S├╝hbaatar was First Deputy Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural of Mongolia and acted as Chairman of the Presidium (i.e., head of the State) during a vacancy in that position from 23 Sep 1953 to 7 Jul 1954. If we consider such a post as having a real ruling status, she would have been (excepting queens) the absolute first woman political ruler in contemporary history.
(Info submitted by Juan Jorge Sch├Ąffer)


Song Qingling (Sung Ch'ing-ling) (1893-1981)

The widow (got married in 1914) of doctor Sun Yat-sen, the founder of the Chinese Republic, and the sister-in-law of marshall Chiang Kai-shek, his successor as president of the Republic of China (then Taiwan), constitutes a very special case. From 31 Oct 1968 to 24 Feb 1972 no head of state was mentioned in the People's Republic of China, as such a post remained vacant in the wake of Liu Shaoqi's fall into disgrace, during the Cultural Revolution, and up to 1972 no acting president was appointed in the person of Dong Biwu. He and Song Qingling were vicepresidents by then (she was elected to the post in 1954, after being deputy premier since 1949), so, de facto (and in theory), both leaders shared the presidential duties in 1968-1972. Furthermore, when in 1976 Zhu De, the head of state by then as chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (the presidency of the Republic was officially abolished the previous year), passed away, a vacancy period was inaugurated and not filled until 1978, with the appointment of Ye Jianying. In this months were the 21 vice-chairmen, among them four women: Song Qingling, Cai Chang, Li Suwen, and (from 2 Dec 1976) Deng Yingchao, the widow of just deceased premier Zhou Enlai. Song became a member of the Communist Party only on her deathbed, and in 1980, shortly before her death, was elected "Honorary President" of the People's Republic of China.
(Info submitted by Juan Jorge Sch├Ąffer)


Mar├şa Estela ('Isabel') Mart├şnez de Per├│n (1931-)

Served as president of Argentina from 1 Jul 1974 to 24 Mar 1976. Was married since 1961 with Juan Domingo Per├│n, president in the terms 1946-1955 and 1973-1974, and replaced him automatically in his death as she held the vicepresidency of the Republic and the presidency of the Senate since the 1973 electoral victory of the 'Per├│n-Per├│n' formula. In fact. Per├│n's incapacitation forced her to act as president since Jun 29. She was the first woman who became president, both in America and in the world. And also was the first one ousted in a military coup.


Lydia Gueiler Tejada (1926-)

Caretaker president of Bolivia from 17 Nov 1979 to 18 Jul 1980. Deposed in a military coup.


Vigd├şs Finnbogad├│ttir (1930-)

President of Iceland from 1 Aug 1980 to 1 Aug 1996, has got several "firsts": 1st woman president in Europe, 1st one elected directly by the people in the world and when quitting in 1996 was the female political ruler longest-time in office in the world, as well as the doyen among all European non-monarch rulers.


Maria Lea Pedini-Angelini (1953?-)

Co-Captain-regent (head of State and Government) of San Marino in 1981 (1 Apr to 1 Oct).


Agatha Barbara (1923-2002)

President of Malta from 15 Feb 1982 to 15 Feb 1987. Second woman president in Europe behind Vigd├şs Finnbogad├│ttir (see above).

Gloriana Ranocchini (1957-)
Co-Captain-regent (head of State and Government) of San Marino from 1 Apr to 1 Oct 1984 and from 1 Oct 1989 to 1 Apr 1990.


Carmen Pereira (1937-)

Acting president of Guinea Bissau from 14 May 1984 to 16 May 1984 in the capacity of chairman of the National People's Assembly.


Corazon (Cory) Aquino (1933-)

President of the Philippines from 25 Feb 1986 to 30 Jun 1992. Widow of Benigno Aquino, assassinated in 1983. Asia's first woman president.


Ertha Pascal-Trouillot (1943-)

Dame Ertha Pascal-Trouillot served as interim president of Haiti from 13 Mar 1990 to 7 Feb 1991. America's third female president and second black female ruler in the continent after Dominica's premier Eugenia Charles.


Sabine Bergmann-Pohl (1946-)

Chairman of the Volkskammer of the late German Democratic Republic in 1990 was the last head of State (Staatspr├Ąsident), nominal and interim, before the unification. Her testimonial tenure lasted six months: from 5 Apr to 2 Oct 1990. In fact, the only female head of State in former communist East Europe.


Violeta Barrios de Chamorro (1929-)

President of Nicaragua from 25 Apr 1990 to 10 Jan 1997. Widow of Pedro Joaqu├şn Chamorro, assassinated in 1978.


Mary Robinson (1944-)

President of Ireland from 3 Dec 1990 to 12 Sep 1997, when unexpectedly resigned, three months before the expiration of her mandate. After that, she served as United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, to 12 Sep 2002.

Edda Ceccoli
Co-Captain-regent (head of State and Government) of San Marino from 1 Oct 1991 to 1 Apr 1992.


Patricia Busignani

Co-Captain-regent (head of State and Government) of San Marino in 1993 (1 Apr to 1 Oct).


Sylvie Kinigi (1952?-)

Acting President (de facto) of Burundi from 27 Oct 1993 to 5 Feb 1994. See profile at the Prime Ministers' page.


Chandrika Kumaratunga (1945-)

President of Sri Lanka from 14 Nov 1994 to 19 Nov 2005, although also served as prime minister before, from 19 Aug until her presidential oath taking. Daughter of the late Sirimavo Bandaranaike, three times prime minister of Sri Lanka, the last one at the moment of her demise in 2000, so Sri Lanka was the first republic in the world whose two top executive offices were simultaneously held by women; in addition, both posts have been filled through democratic elections... and the daughter appointed the mother to hold the premiership in 1994. Chandrika's father and Sirimavo's husband, Solomon, was assassinated while being prime minister in 1959. The same fate suffered Chandrika's husband, Vijaya Kumaratunga, also assassinated in 1988.


Ruth Perry (1939?-)

Chairman of the Council of State (a six-member collective presidency) of the National Transitional Government of Liberia from 3 Sep 1996 to 2 Aug 1997. Perry has been, excepting queens (and Burundian premier Sylvie Kinigi, who acted as president briefly de facto in early 90s), Africa's first female head of State


Rosal├şa Arteaga Serrano (1956-)

Ephemeral caretaker president of Ecuador in 9-11 Feb 1997.


Mary McAleese (1951-)

President of Ireland since 11 Nov 1997. First woman president having succeeded another one, Mary Robinson, in history.


Janet Jagan (1920-)

President of Guyana from 19 Dec 1997 to 11 Aug 1999, but also prime minister from 17 Mar to 22 Dec 1997. Succeeded her husband Cheddi Jagan in the Presidency some months after his passing. The sixth woman occupying the presidential office in America and the second one with an additional premiership experience in the world (the first one was Sri Lanka's Chandrika Kumaratunga).


Ruth Dreifuss (1940-)

The first female Swiss head of State as president of the Confederation following a very, very long list of one-year male rulers. Dreifuss was elected by the Federal Assembly to serve as president of Switzerland for the period 1 Jan 1999-1 Jan 2000.


Rosa Zafferani (1960-)

Co-Captain-regent (head of State and Government) of San Marino from 1 Apr to 1 Oct 1999 and again since 1 Apr 2008.


Vaira Vike-Freiberga (1937-)

The first woman to be president of a country in East/Central Europe or came out with the former Soviet Union, was electer by the Parliament of Latvia on 17 Jun 1999 for a four-year term, starting on Jul 8. After winning a second and final term in 2004, she left the office on Jul 8, 2007.


Mireya Elisa Moscoso de Arias (1946-)

The first woman president of Panama served from 1 Sep 1999 to 1 Sep 2004. She is the widow (1988) of former president Arnulfo Arias Madrid.


Tarja Kaarina Halonen (1943-)

Finland's first woman president, since 1 Mar 2000. Her tenure expires in 2006.


Maria Domenica Michelotti (1952-)

Co-captain regent of San Marino for the period 1 Apr 2000-1 Oct 2000. The sixth woman to become co-captain regent since 1981.


Maria Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (1947-)

President of the Philippines since 20 Jan 2001. Daughter of late president Diosdado Macapagal and second woman president of this Asian State.


Megawati Sukarnoptri (1947-)

The daughter of the late president Sukarno is president of Indonesia from 23 Jul 2001 to 20 Oct 2004.


Valeria Ciavatta (1959-)

Co-captain regent of San Marino for the period 1 Oct 2003-1 Apr 2004. The seventh woman to become co-captain regent since 1981.


Nino Burdzhanadze (1964-)

Acting president of Georgia twice, from 23 Nov 2003 to 25 Jan 2004, and again from 25 Nov 2007 to 20 Jan 2008.


Fausta Simona Morganti (1944-)

Co-captain regent of San Marino for the period 1 Apr 2005-1 Oct 2005.


Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf (1939-)

President of Liberia since 16 Jan 2006. She is Africa's first elected woman president.


Michelle Bachelet Jeria (1951-)

President of Chile from 11 Mar 2006.

Re: October 2: Sarah Palin's D-day
Dewdrops posted on 10-02-2008, 09:11:09 AM
Since my darling Hilary Rodham Clinton could not make the list above this year....I wish her better luck in 2012.

In the meantime, I will gladly accept the next best thing in Sarah Palin Power----the VPOTUS.

Yup! I have my own agenda in all this--------the advancement of women anywhere in the "sane" world. Where the use of bottom power is minimal or at least backed up by brains/qualifications and/or the voice of the people with elective powers in a true democracy.


Even where Sarah Palin does not do well in the problem. Neither has Obama.

Both can never be dumber than George Bush.
Re: October 2: Sarah Palin's D-day
Dewdrops posted on 10-02-2008, 10:20:07 AM
Duplicate post.
Re: October 2: Sarah Palin's D-day
Dewdrops posted on 10-02-2008, 10:21:30 AM

Biden, Palin set for Oct. 2 VP Debate

Sen. Joe Biden from Delaware and Gov. Sarah Palin of Alaska, the vice presidential nominees of the Democratic and Republican parties, respectively, will debate each other at 8 p.m. (CDT) Oct. 2 in the Washington University in St. Louis Athletic Complex, according to the Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD).

This is the first time the University will host a vice presidential debate. It's the fifth consecutive presidential election that the University has been selected by the CPD, the event's sponsor, to serve as a debate host.

The CPD, a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization established in 1987, is responsible for selecting the venues and producing the presidential debates. The CPD's three 2008 presidential debates locations and dates are: the University of Mississippi in Oxford, Miss., Sept. 26; Belmont University in Nashville, Tenn., Oct. 7; and Hofstra University in Hempstead, N.Y., Oct. 15.

Washington University again is offering the same facilities that were made available for the 1992, 1996, 2000 and 2004 debates. They include the Field House - which is the actual debate site - Francis Gymnasium, the Rec Gym and other areas of the Athletic Complex. Francis Gym and Francis Field were the sites of the 1904 World Olympic Games, the first Olympics played in the Western Hemisphere.

The debate will be moderated by Gwen Ifill, a longtime correspondent and moderator for nationally televised public broadcasting news programs. Ifill, who serves as moderator and managing editor of PBS' \"Washington Week\" and senior correspondent for \"The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer,\" also moderated the CPD's 2004 vice presidential debate between Vice President Dick Cheney and Sen. John Edwards, held Oct. 5 at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland.

Biden was nominated for vice president Aug. 27 at the Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colo. A week later, on Sept. 4, Palin was nominated for vice president at the Republican National Convention in St. Paul, Minn.

Biden, 65, is a 36-year veteran of the U.S. Senate. He was elected in 1972 when he was 29. He is known for his leadership in foreign policy, terrorism, crime and drug policy. He ran unsuccessfully for the presidential nomination of his party in 1988 and in 2008.

Biden is the former chairman and long-time member of the Senate Judiciary Committee. Over the years he has been influential in crime and drug policy legislation. His Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, frequently referred to as the Biden Crime Bill, increased police numbers by 100,000 nationwide and brought more federal support for criminal justice.

The 2007 Biden Crime Bill addresses burgeoning crime problems such as online child exploitation, computer hacking and teenage prescription drug abuse.

Palins vice presidential nomination marks the first time that the Republican Party has nominated a woman for the position. On Dec. 4, 2006, she also made history when she became the first woman governor of Alaska.

Palin, 44, has overseen increases in Alaska state savings, education funding and implemented the Senior Benefits Program that provides support for low-income older Alaskans. Her administration has passed an overhaul of the states ethics laws and developed a process to construct a gas pipeline.

Palin is chair of the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission, a multistate government agency that promotes the conservation and efficient recovery of domestic oil and natural gas resources while protecting the environment.

Before becoming governor of Alaska, she served two terms on the Wasilla City Council and two terms as mayor/manager of Wasilla. Palin also has served as chair of the Alaska Conservation Commission, which regulates Alaska's oil and gas.

Local sponsors for the vice presidential debate are AT&T, Emerson and Wachovia Securities. For information on these firms, go to:

Washington University is the only institution to host more than two debates.

In 1992, the university hosted the first nationally televised three-candidate presidential debate in CPD history, was selected to host a presidential debate in 1996 that eventually was canceled, hosted the third and last presidential debate of the 2000 campaign season and the second of three presidential debates before the 2004 election.

For more information about CPD guidelines for debate site selection, debate formats and selection criteria used to determine the candidates to be invited to participate in the debates, please visit the CPD's Web site,

Interesting match-up.

Thank God the moderator is a female.
Re: October 2: Sarah Palin's D-day
DaBishop posted on 10-02-2008, 11:30:13 AM
Interesting submissions Dewdrops;

Is it your submission then, that ...

1. Although McCain is 73 has cancer and may die in office

2. Although the US is going through economic, military, foreign affairs wahala and domestic collapse

3. Although we need radical steps to bring us back from the brink, such should not be considered because women want to advance? Can that argument too be termed sexist?
Please stay on point (do not further hash on the ills of men, tell me the advantage of voting Palin in NOW).
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